• Tuesday , 31 March 2020

Javascript Tutorial with Examples For Beginners (pt 1) – Variables

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This is part one of a series of javascript programming tutorials for beginners about variables.

JavaScript Variables

JavaScript variables are containers for storing data values.

In this example, x, y, and z, are variables:

var x = 5;
var y = 6;
var z = x + y;

From the example above, you can expect:

x stores the value 5
y stores the value 6
z stores the value 11

JavaScript Identifiers
All JavaScript variables must be identified with unique names.

These unique names are called identifiers.

Identifiers can be short names (like x and y) or more descriptive names (age, sum, totalVolume).

The general rules for constructing names for variables (unique identifiers) are:

Names can contain letters, digits, underscores, and dollar signs.
Names must begin with a letter
Names can also begin with $ and _ (but we will not use it in this tutorial)
Names are case sensitive (y and Y are different variables)
Reserved words (like JavaScript keywords) cannot be used as names
JavaScript identifiers are case-sensitive.

The Assignment Operator
In JavaScript, the equal sign (=) is an “assignment” operator, not an “equal to” operator.

This is different from algebra. The following does not make sense in algebra:

x = x + 5
In JavaScript, however, it makes perfect sense: it assigns the value of x + 5 to x.

(It calculates the value of x + 5 and puts the result into x. The value of x is incremented by 5.)

The “equal to” operator is written like == in JavaScript.

JavaScript Data Types
JavaScript variables can hold numbers like 100 and text values like “John Doe”.

In programming, text values are called text strings.

JavaScript can handle many types of data, but for now, just think of numbers and strings.

Strings are written inside double or single quotes. Numbers are written without quotes.

If you put a number in quotes, it will be treated as a text string.

Example
var pi = 3.14;
var person = “John Doe”;
var answer = ‘Yes I am!’;

Declaring (Creating) JavaScript Variables
Creating a variable in JavaScript is called “declaring” a variable.

You declare a JavaScript variable with the var keyword:

var carName;
After the declaration, the variable has no value. (Technically it has the value of undefined)

To assign a value to the variable, use the equal sign:

carName = “Volvo”;
You can also assign a value to the variable when you declare it:

var carName = “Volvo”;
In the example below, we create a variable called carName and assign the value “Volvo” to it.

Original source

3d Ocean

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2 Comments

  1. Dan Mor
    March 24, 2020 at 19:01

    Can't see shit!

  2. Minh Nguyen
    March 24, 2020 at 19:01

    Can you tell me what program you are using? Because I'm trying to learn coding and I need a program to practice on.

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